Cognac 1864 Caves de Guy Gautier & Co
Gautier & Co, Grande Champagne from 1864, Cognac merchants
Provenance: Martin & Chausselat Versailles, 12/18/1999
The history of Gautier goes back several centuries. In the XVIIth century, the Gautiers had a forest of oak trees from which barrels were made for ageing Cognac. In 1644, Gautier's history meets up with Cognac when Charles Gautier married a winegrower's daughter Jacquette Brochet. But it was Charles' grandson, Louis, who succeeded in obtaining a Royal Warrant in 1755, for the production of the henceforth protected title of the region's eau-de-vie Cognac as we know today. The American Civil War, also known as the War Between the States, or simply the Civil War in the United States, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 in the United States of America between the Confederate States of America (the "Confederacy" or the "South") and the states that remained in the Union, known as the "Union" or the "North". After four years of bloody combat the Confederacy collapsed, slavery was abolished, and the difficult Reconstruction process of restoring national unity and guaranteeing rights to the freed slaves began.
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Renowned throughout the world, the production of Cognac has been regulated by its very own AOC since 1909. Only liqueurs from eaux-de-vie made from crus from the controlled appellation area of Cognac can be labelled as such. This liqueur must be distilled and aged on-site in compliance with authorised techniques: double distillation in a copper Charentais still, ageing in oak barrels for a set minimum ageing period.
A good Cognac is subjected to a complex manufacturing process. It is never made from the eau-de-vie of a single cru, but from a `marriage' of eaux-de-vie that vary in age and cru - some as old as a hundred. To establish the age of a Cognac, only the number of years spent in oak casks or barrels are taken into account. As soon as an eau-de-vie is decanted into a glass recipient, it ceases to age. The longer it is left to age, the more a Cognac gains in complexity, fragrance, aromas and taste (spiced, pepper and cinnamon flavours).
Please note that only Cognacs made exclusively from Petite and Grande Champagne (50% minimum) can use the "Fine Champagne" appellation.